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Who We Are » Andrew Conrad, Ph.D.

Andrew Conrad, Ph.D. is the Chief Scientific Officer and co-founder of LabCorp's National Genetics Institute. Dr. Conrad graduated with a B.S. in Neurobiology and a Ph.D. in Cell Biology from the University of California Los Angeles. He has served as the Responsible Head for the FDA Product License for an automated device for the detection of HIV-1, HIV-2 and HCV in plasma from large numbers of donors.

The primary focus of Dr. Conrad's research has been on the effects and manifestations of chronic viral illnesses as measured by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). He also conducts research on the role of gene expression in cancer. National Genetics Institute performs over three million PCR reactions per year and is one of the largest genetics laboratories in the world. Dr Conrad has more than sixty related publications in various scientific journals.

Patents

United States Patent 5,780,222. Method of PCR Testing Pooled Blood Samples. LB Peddada, CM Heldebrant, AJ Conrad. Issued July 14th, 1998

United States Patent 6,057,105. Detection of Melanoma and breast Cancer with a Multiple Marker Assay. DSB Hoon, AJ Conrad, P Schmid. Issued May 2nd, 2000

United States Patent 6,063,563. Modifications to Method of PCR Testing Pooled Blood Samples. LB Peddada, CM Heldebrant, AJ Conrad. Issued May 16th, 2000

Publications
The impact of steatosis on disease progression and early and sustained treatment response in chronic hepatitis C patients. Patton Heather M, Patel Keyur, Behling Cynthia, Bylund David, Blatt Lawrence M, Vallee Marc, Heaton Shannon, Conrad Andrew, Pockros Paul J and McHutchison John G. Journal of Hepatology 40(3): 484-490, Mar 2004.

Dynamics of HIV viremia and antibody seroconversion in plasma donors: implications for diagnosis and staging of primary HIV infection. Fiebig EW, Wright DJ, Rawal BD, Garrett P, Schumacher RT, Peddada L, Heldebrant C, Smith R, Conrad A, Kleinman SH and Bush MP. AIDS 17(13): 1871-9, Sept 2003.

Technical considerations for the performance of Nucleic acid Amplification Technology (NAT). Chudy Michael, Hewlett Indira, Saldanha John, Bianco Celso, Conrad Andrew J, Gierman Todd, Heldebrant Charles, Rautmann Guy G, Roth Kurt W, Stramer Susan, Weimer Thomas, Whitaker Barbee and Zerlauth Gerold. Biological 31(3): 153-159, 2003.

Changes in the presence of Multiple markers of circulating melanoma cells correlate with clinical outcome in-patients with melanoma. Reynolds SR, Albrecht J, Shapiro RL, Roses DF, Harris MN, Conrad AJ, Zeleniuch-jacquotte A and Bystryn JC. Clin Cancer Res 9(4): 1497-1502, Apr 2003.

Clinical use of Hyaluronic acid as a predictor of fibrosis change in hepatitis C. Patel K, Lajoie A, Heaton S, Pianko S, Behling CA, Bylund D, Pokros PJ, Blatt LM, Conrad AJ and Mchutchison JG. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 18(3): 253-257, Mar 2003. "Induction of IL-1Ra in resistant and responsive hepatitis C patients following treatment with IFN-con 1. Cotler SJ, Craft TF, Ferris M, Morrisey M, McCone J, Reddy KR, Conrad A, Jensen DM, Albrecht J and Taylor MW. J Interferon Cytokine Res 22(5): 549-54, May 2002.

Characterization of Nuclease-Resistant Ribozymes Directed against Hepatitis B Virus RNA [In Process Citation]. Morrissey DV, Lee PA, Johnson DA, Overly SL, McSwiggen JA, Beigelman L, Mokler VR, Maloney L, Vargeese C, Bowman K, O'Brien JT, Shaffer CS, Conrad AJ, Schmid P, Morrey JD, Macejak DG, Pavco PA and Blatt LM. J Viral Hepat 9(6): 411-8, Nov 2002.

Homogeneous Quasispecies in 16 Out of 17 Individuals During Very Early HIV-1 Primary Infection. Delwart E, Magierowska M, Royz M, Foley B, Peddada L, Smith R, Heldebrant C, Conrad AJ and Busch M. AIDS 16(2): 189-95, Jan 2002.

Frequencies of HCV-Specific Effector CD4+ Cells by Flow Cytometry: Correlation with Clinical Disease Stages. Rosen HR, Mine C. Sasaki AW, Lewinsohn DM, Conrad AJ, Bakke A, Bouwer HG and Hinrichs DJ. Hepatology 35(1): 190-8, Jan 2002.

Tumor Necrosis Factor Genetic Polymorphisms and Response to Antiviral Therapy in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C. Rosen HR, McHutchison JG, Conrad AJ, Lentz JJ, Marousek G, Rose SL, Zaman A, Taylor K and Chou S. The American Journal of Gastroenterology 97(3): 714-720, Mar 2002.

Relationship between prior course of illness and neuroanatomic structures in bipolar disorder: A preliminary study. Ali SO, Denicoff KD, Altshuler LL, Hauser P, Conrad A, Ximing L, Mirsky AF, Smith-Jackson EE, Leverich GS and Post RM. Neuropsychiatry Neuropsychol Behav Neurol 14(4): 227-32, Oct-Dec 2001.

Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis of non-sentinel nodes following completion Lymphadenectomy for melanoma. Wrightson WR, Wong SL, Edwards MJ, ChaoC, Conrad AJ, AlbrechtJ, ViarV and McMasters KM. J Surg Res 98(1): 47-51, June 2001.

An Analysis of Acute Changes in Interleukin-6 Levels After Treatment of Hepatitis C with Consensus Interferon. Cotler Scott J, Reddy K. Rajender, McCone Jon, Wolfe Darin L, Liu Anguo, Craft Teresa R, Ferris Mary W, Conrad Andrew J, Albrecht Jeff, Morrissey Mary, Ganger Daniel R, Rosenblate, Howard, Blatt Lawrence M, Jensen Donald M and Taylor Milton W. Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research 21(12): 1011-1019, Dec 2001.

Decrease in Circulating Tumor Cells as an Early Marker of Therapy Effectiveness. Bystryn JC, Albrecht J, Reynolds SR, Rivas MC, Oratz R, Shapiro RL, Roses DF, Harris MN and Conrad AJ. Recent Results Cancer Res 158: 204-7, 2001.

Post RM: MRI based measurements of the temporal lobe ventricular structures in patients with Bipolar I and Bipolar II disorders. Hauser P, Matochik J, Altshuler LL, Denicoff KD, Conrad AJ and Li X. Journal of Affective Disorders 60(1) 25-32, 2000.

A preliminary study of the relation of Neuropsychological performance to neuroanatomic structures in bipolar disorder. Ali SO, Denicoff KD, Alshuler LL, Hauser P, Li X, Conrad AJ, Mirsky AF, Smith-Jackson EE and Post RM. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology and Behavioral Neurology 13(1): 20-28, Jan 2000.

Measurement of serum hyaluronic acid in-patients with chronic hepatitis C and its relationship to liver histology. Consensus Interferon Study Group. Mchutchison JG, Blatt LM, de Medina, M, Craig JR, Conrad AJ, Schiff ER and Tong MJ. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 15(8): 945-51, Aug 2000.

Assessment of hepatitis C virus RNA and genotype from 6807 patients with Chronic Hepatitis C in the United States. Blatt LM, Mutchnick G, Tong MJ, Klion FM, Lebovics E, Freilich B, Bach N, Smith C, Herrera J, Tobias H, Conrad AJ, Schmid P and McHutchison JG. Journal of Viral Hepatitis 7(3), May 2000.

Histopathological Features of Hepatitis C In renal Transplant Candidates. Martin P, Carter D, Fabrizi F, Dixit V, Conrad AJ, Artianian L, Peacock V, Han S, Wilkison A, Lassaman and Danovitch G. Transplantation 69: 1479-1484, Apr 2000.

Serotyping Strip Immunoblot Assay for Assessing Hepatitis C Virus Strains in Dialysis Patients. Fabrizi F, Martin P, Quan S, Dixit V, Brezina M, Conrad AJ, Polito A and Gitnick G. Am J Kidney Dis 35(5): 832-8, May 2000.

Inhibition of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)-RNA-Dependent Translation and Replication of a Chimeric HCV Poliovirus Using Synthetic Stabilized Ribozymes. Macejak DG, Jensen KL, Jamison SF, Domenico K, Roberts EC, Chaudhary N, von Carlowitz I, Bellon L, Tong MJ, Conrad AJ, Pavco PA and Blatt LM. Hepatology 31(3): 769-76, Mar 2000.

Common laparoscopic procedures in swine: a review. Srinivasan A, Trus TL and Conrad AJ. J Invest Surg 12(1): 5-14, Jan-Feb 1999.

A Pilot Study of Daily Subcutaneous Interleukin 10 in patients with Chronic Hepatitis C Infection. McHutchison JG, Giannelli G, Nyberg L, Blatt LM, Waite K, Mishkot P, Pianko S, Conrad AJ and Grint P. Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research 19(11): 1265-1270, Nov 1999.

Analysis of the viability of freezer stored serum samples for hepatitis C virus RNA analysis by the SUPERQUANT� method: results of a 16 year retrospective study. Schmid P, Tong MJ, Conrad AJ, McHutchison J, Blatt LM. J Viral Methods 82(2): 201 - 206, Oct 1999.

Changes in Serum Hepatitis C Virus RNA in Interferon Nonresponders Retreated with Interferon plus Ribavirin: A Preliminary Report. Nybery L, Albrecht J, Glue P, Gianelli G, Zambas D, Elliot M, Conrad AJ and McHutchison J. J Clin Gastroenterol 28(4): 313-6, June 1999.

Detection of De Novo Hepatitis C Virus Infection by Polymerase Chain Reaction in Hemodialysis Patients. Fabrizi F, Martin P, Dixit V, Brezina M, Russell J, Conrad AJ, Schmid P, Gerosa S and Gitnick G. Am J Nephrol 19(3): 383-8, 1999.

Patients co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis C virus demonstrate higher levels of hepatic HCV RNA. Bonacini M, Govindarajan S, Blatt LM, Schmid P, Conrad AJ and Lindsay KL. Journal of Viral Hepatitis 6(3): 203-208, May 1999.

Predictive Model for the Development of Hepatocellular Carcinoma, Liver Failure or Liver Transplantation for Patients Presenting to Clinic with Chronic Hepatitis C. Bonis PA, Tong MJ, Blatt LM, Conrad AJ and Griffith A. Am Journal Gastro 94(6): 1605-12, June 1999.

Epidemiology and Natural History of Hepatitis G Virus Infection in Chronic Hemodialysis Patients. Martin P, Fabrizi F, Dixit V, Brezina M, Gerosa S, Russell J, Conrad AJ and Gitnick G. Am J Nephrol 19(5): 535-40, 1999.

A comparison of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and branched-chain DNA assays for hepatitis C virus RNA in patients receiving interferon treatment. Consensus Interferon Study Group. Pockros PJ, Bain VG, Hunter EB, Conrad AJ, Balart A, Hollinger FB and Albert D. Journal of Viral Hepatitis 6(2), 145-150, Mar 1999.

Ultracentrifugation and concentration of a large volume of serum for HCV RNA during treatment may predict sustained and relapse response in chronic HCV infection. McHutchison JG, Blatt LM, Ponnudurai R, Goodarzi K, Russell J and Conrad AJ. Journal of Medical Virology 57(4): 351-355, April 1999.

De Novo Hepatitis C in Children after Liver Transplantation. McDiarmid SV, Conrad AJ, Ament ME, Vargas J, Martin MG, Goss JA and Busuttil RW. Transplantation 66(3): 311-8, Aug 1995.

Prophylaxis against hepatitis B recurrence following liver transplantation using a combination of lamivudine and hepatitis B immune globulin. Markowitz JS, Martin P, Conrad AJ, Markmann JF, Seu P, Yersiz H, Gross JA, Schmid P, Pakrasi A, Artinian L, Murrary NG, Imagawa DK, Holt C, Goldstein LI, Strbling R and Busuttil RW. Hepatology 28(2): 585-9, Aug 1998.

Is there an optimal time to measure quantitative HCV RNA to predict Non-response following Interferon treatment for chronic HCV infection. McHutchison J, Blatt L, Sedghi-Vaziri A, Russell J, Schmid P and Conrad AJ. Journal of Hepatology 29(3): 362-368, Sept 1998.

The changes in quantitative HCV RNA titers during interferon alpha 2b therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis C infection. Tong MJ, Blatt LM, Conrad AJ, Hur Y, Russell J, El-Farra NS and Co RL. Am J Gastroenterol 93(4): 601-605, Apr 1998.

Assessment of messenger RNA of beta 1-4 N- acetylgalactosaminyl-transferase as a marker for metastatic melanoma. Kuo CT, Bostick PJ, Irie RF, Morton DL, Conrad AJ and Hoon DS. Clin Cancer Res 4(2): 411-418, Feb 1998.

Discordance between serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and virologic response to IFN-alpha2b in chronic hepatitis C patients with high and low pretreatment serum hepatitis C virus RNA titers. Blatt LM, Tong MJ, McHutchison, J, Conrad AJ and Schmid P. Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research 18(2): 75-80, Feb 1998.

Prediction of response during Interferon alfa 2B therapy in Chronic hepatitis C patients using viral and biochemical characteristics. Tong MJ, Blatt LM, McHutchison JG, Co R and Conrad AJ. Hepatology 26(6): 1640-1645, Dec 1997.

Presence of herpes simplex DNA in Surgical tissue from human epileptic seizure foci detected by polymerase chain reaction: preliminary study. Sanders VJ, Felisan SL, Waddell AE, Conrad AJ, Schmid P, Swartz BE, Kaufman M, Walsh GO, De Salles AAF and Tourtellotte WW. Arch Neurol 54(8): 954-60, Aug 1997.

Molecular Detection of Tumor-Associated Antigens Shared by Human Cutaneous Melanomas and Gliomas. Chi DD, Merchant RE, Rand R, Conrad AJ, Garrison D, Turner R, Morton DL and Hoon DS. Am J Pathol 150(6): 2143-52, Jun 1997.

Detection of Occult Melanoma Cells in Sentinel Lymph nodes and Blood. Reintgen DS and Conrad AJ. Semin Oncol 24(1 Supp 4): S11-15, Feb 1997.

Melanoma- Associated Antigens as Messenger RNA Detection Markers for Melanoma. Serantou T, Chi DJ, Garrison DA, Conrad AJ, Schmid P, Morton DL and Hoon DSB. Cancer Research 57(7): 1371-1376, April 1997.

Detection of Metastatic Breast Cancer by Beta-hCG polymerase chain reaction. Hoon DS, Sarantou T, Doi F, Conrad AJ, Schmid P, Turner R and Guiliano A. Int. J Cancer 69(5): 369-374, Oct 1996.

Detection of Beta Human Chronic Gonadotropin mRNA as a Marker for Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma. Doi F, Chi DJ, Charuworn BB, Conrad AJ, Russell J, Morton DL and Hoon DSB. Int. J. Cancer 65(4): 454-459, Feb 1996.

Herpes Simplex Virus in Postmortem Multiple Sclerosis Brain Tissue.Arch Neurol. Sanders VJ, Waddell AE, Felisan SL, Li X, Conrad AJ, and Tourtellotte. 53(2): 125-133, Feb 1996.

The Detection of Breast Carcinoma Micrometastases in Axillary Lymph Nodes by Means of Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction. Hoon D.SB, Doi F, Guiliano AE, Schmid P and Conrad AJ. Cancer 76(3): 533-535, Aug 1995.

Techniques in PCR Evaluation Technology and its Application to the Study of Cerebrospinal Fluid in HIV Disease. Technical Advances in AIDS Research in the Human Nervous System. Schmid P, Conrad AJ, Syndulko K, Singer EJ,Li X, Tao G, Handley D, Fahey-Chandon and Tourtellotte WW. Eugene Major and J.A. Levy, Plenium Press, New York, New York (1995).

Quantifying HIV-1 RNA Using the Polymerase Chain Reaction on Cebrospinal Fluid and Serum of Seropositive Individuals With and Without Neurologic Abnormalities. Conrad AJ, Schmid P, Sydulko K, Singer EJ, Nagra RM, Russell JJ and Tourtellotte WW. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 10(4): 425-35, Dec 1995.

Detection of occult melanoma cells in blood with a multiple-marker polymerase chain reaction assay. Hoon DS, Wang Y, Dale PS, Conrad AJ, Schmid P, Garrison D, Kuo C, Foshag LJ, Nizze AJ and Morton DL. J Clin Oncol 13(8): 2109-16, Aug 1995.

Correlation of serum HCV RNA and alanine aminotransferase levels in chronic hepatitis C patients during treatment with ribavirin. Tong MJ, Hwang SJ, Lefkowitz M, Lee SD, Co RL, Conrad AJ, Schmid P and Lo KJ. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 9(6): 587-91, Nov-Dec 1994.

Quantitation of intrathecal measles virus IgG antibody synthesis rate: subacute sclerosing panencephalitis and multiple sclerosis. Conrad AJ, Chiang EY, Andeen LE, Avolio C, Walker SM, Baumhefner RW, Mirzayan R and Tourtellotte WW. J Neuroimmunol 54(1-2): 99-108, Oct 1994.

Quantifying HIV-1 pro viral DNA using the polymerase chain reaction on cerebrospinal fluid and blood of seropositive individuals with and without neurologic abnormalities. Schmid P, Conrad AJ, Syndulko K, Singer EJ, Handley D, Li X, Tao G, Fahy- Chandon B and Tourtellotte WW. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 7(8): 777-88, Aug 1994.

Intrathecal IgG synthesis and albumin leakage are increased in subjects with HIV-1 neurologic disease. Singer EJ, Syndulko K, Fahy-Chandon B, Schmid P, Conrad AJ, Tourtellotte WW. J AIDS 7(3): 265-71, Mar 1994.

Intrathecal IgG synthesis and albumin leakage are increased in subjects with HIV-1 neurologic disease. Singer EJ, Syndulko K, Fahy-Chandon B, Schmid P, Conrad AJ, Tourtellotte WW. J AIDS 7(3): 265-71, Mar 1994.

Clinical significance of concomitant hepatitis C infection in-patients with alcoholic liver disease. Fong TL, Kanel GC, Conrad AJ, Valinluck B, Charboneau F and Adkins RH. Hepatology 19(3): 554-7, Mar 1994.

Laboratory evaluations in HIV-1-associated cognitive/motor complex. Syndulko K, Singer EJ, Nogales-Gaete J, Conrad AJ, Schmid P and Tourtellotte WW. Psychiatry Clin North Am 17(1): 91-123, Mar 1994.

Cerebrospinal fluid p24 antigen levels and intrathecal immunoglobulin G synthesis are associated with cognitive disease severity in HIV-1. Singer EJ, Syndulko K, Fahy-Chandon BN, Shapshak P, Resnick L, Schmid P, Conrad AJ and Tourtellotte WW. AIDS 8(2): 197-204, Feb 1994.

On classification of post-mortem multiple sclerosis plaques for neuroscientists. Sanders V, Conrad AJ and Tourtellotte WW. J Neuroimmunol 46(1-2): 207-216, Jul 1993.

Trans-blood-brain barrier albumin leakage and comparisons of intrathecal IgG synthesis calculations in multiple sclerosis patients. Multiple Sclerosis Study Group, Alpha Interferon Study Group and Azathioprine Study Group. Syndulko K, Tourtellotte WW, Conrad AJ and Izquierdo G. J Neuroimmunol 46(1-2): 185-192, Jul 1993.

Hippocampal dysgenesis in mutant mouse and schizophrenic man: is there a relationship? Scheibel AB and Conrad AJ. Schizophr Bull 19 (1): 21- 33, 1993.

Human neuro-specimen banking 1961-1992. The National Neurological Research Specimen Bank (a donor program of pre- and post-mortem tissues and cerebrospinal fluid/blood; and a collection of cryopreserved human neurological specimens for neuroscientists). Tourtellotte WW, Rosario IP, Conrad AJ and Syndulko K. J Neural Transm Suppl 39: 5-15, 1993.

Viral nucleic acid sequences in active plaques from patients with multiple in Multiple Sclerosis and Related Diseases. Conrad AJ, Schmid P, Li X, Tao G, Handley D, Sanders V, Datt A and Tourtellotte WW. Copenhagen, Denmark Aug 26- 28, 1991.

Polymerase chain reaction of cerebrospinal fluid in human immunodificiency virus-related neurological disease. Schmid P, Conrad AJ, Tourtellotte WW, Syndulko K and Singer E. Annals of Neurology 30(2): 312, 1991.

Immunocytochemical and histological classification of multiple sclerosis plaques. Sanders V, Conrad AJ and Tourtellotte WW. Annals of Neurology 30(2): 305-306, 1991.

An animal model of the schizophrenic hippocampus: An attempt to influence fetal hippocampal development by means of maternal viral infection. Scheibel AB and Conrad AJ. Schizo Res 4(3): 359, 1991.

Hippocampal pyramidal cell disarray in schizophrenia as a bilateral phenomenon. Conrad AJ, Abebe T, Austin R, Forsythe S and Scheible AB. Arch Gen Psych 48(5): 413-417, 1991.

Post R: Temporal lobe volume reduction in bipolar disorder; a preliminary report of magnetic resonance imaging. Altshuller L, Conrad AJ, Hauser P, Li X, Guze B, Denikoff K and Tourtellotte WW. Arch Gen Psych 48: 482-483, 1991.

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) measures of HIV-1 in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are related to neurological disease progression. Schmid P, Conrad AJ, Tourtellotte WW, Syndulko K, Singer E and Singer P. Neurological & Neuropsychological Complications of HIV Infection Abstract Book. Monterey CA, June 16-19, 1990:13

Study of preneoplastic changes in liver cells by immunohistochemical and molecular hybridization techniques. Govindarajan S, Conrad AJ, Lim B, Valinluck B, Kim AM and Schmid P. Arch Path Lab Med 114(10): 1042- 1045, Oct 1990.

Polymerase chain reaction of cerebrospinal fluid in human immunodeficiency virus neurological disease. Schmid P, Conrad AJ, Tourtellotte WW, Syndulko K, Singer E and Singer P. Ann Neurol 28(2): 252, 1990.

The use of the polymerase chain reaction in the search for a persistent virus in multiple sclerosis: HTLV-1 in M.G. Schmid P, Conrad AJ, Schmid D and Tourtellotte WW. Marrosu, C.Cianchetti, B. Travolate (eds) "Trends in Neuroimmunology." New York; Plenum Press: 119-125, 1990.

The detection of HIV by in situ hybridization. Shapshak P, Sun NCJ, Resnick L, Hsu MYK, Tourtellotte WW, Schmid P, Conrad AJ, Fiala M and Imagawa DT. Modern Pathology 3 (2): 146-153, Mar 1990.

The Multiple Sclerosis Study Group, Alpha Interferon Study Group, Azathioprine Study Group. A mathematical model simulating intra-BBB IgG leakage by 4 formulas and application to 479 clinically definite MS patients. Tourtellotte WW, Izquierdo G, Rubinshtein G, Conrad AJ and Syndulko K. Neurology 40(1): 332, 1990.

Detection of HIV RNA in AIDS brain. Yoshioka M, Shapshak P, Resnick L, Svenningsson A, Schiller P, Berger J, Tate L, Nelson S, Hensley G., Pardo V, Sun N, Tourtellotte WW, Schmid P, Conrad AJ and Imagawa DT. Neurology 40(1): 236, 1990.

Two-dimensional electrophoresis of cerebrospinal immunoglobulin can be used to search for specific antigens. Tourtellotte WW, Conrad AJ, Mammone M and Schmid P. Annals of Neurology 26(2): 298, 1989.

Tracing viruses in acute multiple sclerosis postmortem brain tissue using immunochemistry and nucleic acid hybridization. Conrad AJ, Schmid P, Li X, Adams C and Tourtellotte WW. Annals of Neurology 26(2): 299, 1989.

Schizophrenia and the hippocampus: The Embryological hypothesis extended. Conrad AJ and Scheibel AB. Schizo Bull 13(4): 577-87, 1987.

Restricted virus gene expression in the central nervous system. Proceedings of a memorial symposium for George Khoury. Regulation of Viral Gene Expression. Schmid P, Shapshak P, Verity N, Tourtellotte WW, Sun N, Gaynor R, Syndulko K, Conrad AJ, Locke GE and Imagawa DT. Washington DC, 183-194, June 1987.

Hippocampal pyramidal cell orientation in schizophrenia. A controlled neurohistologic study of the Yakovlev collection. Altshuler LL, Conrad AJ, Kovelman JA and Scheibel A. Arch Gen Psychiatry 44(12): 1094-8, Dec 1987.

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